Parathyroid Surgery

You may be referred to see Mr Lee to discuss whether you need to have parathyroid surgery.

Parathyroid Surgery Specialist Melbourne

Parathyroid Surgery


A/Prof. James Lee offers a comprehensive list of parathyroid procedures for a variety of conditions.

A/Prof. James Lee is highly experienced in all types of Parathyroid surgery and endeavours to provide the highest quality care as well as the best results for each of his patients. 

What are the parathyroid glands?

There are typically 4 miniscule parathyroid glands located on the back surface of the thyroid just below the larynx/Adam’s apple in the neck. These glands secrete the hormone that controls the calcium levels in your body.

When is parathyroid surgery required?

You might require parathyroid surgery when the following occurs:

  • Overactivity in the parathyroid glands (hyperparathyroidism)
  • A benign tumour of one or more of the glands (parathyroid adenoma)
  • Overactivity and growth of all of the glands (parathyroid hyperplasia)
  • Malignant tumour of one of the glands (parathyroid cancer)


Parathyroid overactivity could be associated with loss of calcium in the bones (osteoporosis), tiredness and lethargy, kidney stones, stomach pain, aches & pains in the joints, cognitive decline, or constipation.

What to expect from Parathyroid surgery

Similarly to thyroid surgery, parathyroid surgery is performed on the gland behind the thyroid and is performed under general anesthesia. Although you will be completely unconscious throughout the procedure, you will have breathing assists and body monitors to ensure everything is running smoothly and comfortably. Incisions are made as small and precise as possible to achieve the most accuracy. The surgery takes about 1-2 hours.

Within hours of your surgery, you should be able to walk around, eat, and drink normally. However your throat will still feel sore and you should rest your neck. You might stay in hospital for one or two days to recover post-surgery. Most people recover within 1-2 weeks. 


Parathyroid surgery with A/Prof. James Lee

If you require any type of parathyroid surgery, A/Prof. James Lee ensures to provide his patients with the most education and communication possible throughout the course of the journey. If you have any questions or concerns regarding parathyroid surgery, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with our team.


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All surgical procedures carry risks. Before proceeding, you should consult a surgeon with a FRACS qualification. For endocrine procedures, you should consult a member of ANZ Endocrine Surgeons.